Sensitive Skin- Sensitive skin is caused by nerve endings in the top layers of skin becoming irritated when the skins natural barrier function is compromised. This causes water loss and the penetration of irritants, causes of sensitive skin include sun exposure, pollution, dry skin, lack of sleep, stress, chorine, weather etc. Symptoms of sensitive skin may be flaking, redness, rashes, swelling, and roughness accompanied by itching, burning, tightness and prickling. Use gentle cleansers and moisturisers with calming ingredients such calendula extract and chamomile. It is important to keep skin hydrated and avoid hard exfoliators. Find some of our best sensitive skin lines here.
Dry Skin- If your skin lacks water, it’s dehydrated, but if it lacks oil, it’s dry. Your skin naturally produces its own oils and healthy skin should have a layer of lipids (a fatty substance) which traps moisture. It's easy to strip away these natural oils by using harsh soaps, hot water, or through environmental factors such as central heating or the wind and rain. A common symptom of dry skin is patches of itchiness or flakiness, or perhaps cracking and scaling. The key to dry skin is to cleanse your skin with a gentle, non-stripping cleanser and apply products which lock in moisture and helps to build up your skins natural protective barriers. Key ingredients for dry skin is Hyaluronic acid which has a high capacity holding water and draws moisture into the cells while helping to build the protective barrier. You can find some of our best products for dry skin here. Remember to drink plenty of water too!
Oily Skin- Overactive sebaceous glands secrete more oil than you need into your hair follicles. Oily skin is commonly caused by genetics but can also be caused by environmental factors, diet or hormones. Don't be tempted to over scrub your skin or use harsh cleansers as over-cleansing and striping the skin of its oils causes dryness, which stimulates the sebum flow and causes the skin to become even oilier. Oil-based cleansers are good for oily skin as they attract the excess oil on your face and remove it. Using a gentle exfoliator two or three times a week will help keep oiliness and blemishes under control- ingredients such as salicylic acid or tea-tree are great for this. It's also important to keep the skin hydrated, but try light and mattifying products. Avoid layering powder over your makeup, and try to stick to oil-free formulations. You can find some of the best products for oily skin here.
Mature Skin- As we get older, our skin loses elasticity, tautness and often become drier. The loss of collagen results in the skin thinning, and sebum production decreasing. Pigmentation spots also develop, primarily on the upper arms and chest areas as these areas are often more exposed to UV rays, products which provide luminosity and reduce dark spots, creating a glow to the skin. Mature skin needs to be kept moisturised, and products to encourage cell renewal and collagen production are great. The skin also needs to be protected against environmental aggressors, so an SPF is a must. See some of our top anti-ageing products here or for hyperpigmentation here and for firmness/elasticity here.
Normal/Combination- normal skin has a good balance of moisture, small pores and an even tone. Most people have normal skin, but it's important to keep it well balanced otherwise you risk it becoming dry or oily. The best routine for normal skin is to exfoliate once a week, use a gentle cleanser daily and keep the skin moisturised and balanced. In combination skin, the skin type varies in the T-zone and the cheeks. You can apply different products to different areas of the face as needed. Check here for our best products for normal skin here and combination skin here.
Young Skin- Teenage skin can have the same types as above oily/dry/sensitive/combination but tends to be a little oiler. Cleansing the skin with a gentle wash in the morning and evening with keep oil production under control but make sure the water isn't too hot, as this will dry it out. It's important to protect skin when it's young, so a daily SPF is great. Young skin often has breakouts, so have a look at our range of products here but remember to stay away from harsh ingredients such as retinol.